Jama Mosque, Fatehpur Sikri

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The  Jama Masjid  (Friday Mosque), AKA  Jami Masjid , is a 17th Century mosque in the World Heritage Site of Fatehpur Sikri in India. The mo...

The Jama Masjid (Friday Mosque), AKA Jami Masjid, is a 17th Century mosque in the World Heritage Site of Fatehpur Sikri in India. The mosque was built in 1648 by Emperor Shah Jahan and dedicated to his loving daughter, Jahanara Begum. The mosque also known as the "Friday Mosque" is one of the largest mosques in India and is a most sought after pilgrimage site by the devotees. It is also one of the most visited tourist destinations in Agra district. Some of the designs of the mosque reflect beautiful Iranian architecture.

It is situated opposite the Agra Fort right in the middle of Fatehpur Sikri. Earlier there was a Tripolia Chowk, octagonal in shape in-between the Jama Masjid and the Delhi Gate of the Agra Fort. Later on it was demolished to build Agra Fort Railway Station.

Architecture

The rectangular mosque comprises a central nave with a single dome, two colonnaded halls on either side, with two square chambers crowned with domes. Carved mihrabs adorn the main chamber and the two smaller rooms.

The mosque marks the phase of transition in Islamic art, as indigenous architectural elements were blended with Persian elements. The pillared dalan of the facade, the liwan with three arched openings framed by panels and crowned by five chhatris and the central mihrab adorned with an inlaid mosaic of stones that are bordered by glazed tiles, and it has golden inscriptions on a royal blue background, a tribute to this fusion. The interiors of the iwan are adorned with watercolour paintings depicting stylized floral designs. The dado panels, spandrels of arch and soffits are painted profusely. Unlike other monuments, where domes are supported on squinches, here corbelled pendentives support the dome.
The Buland Darwaza and the Tomb of Salim Chishti are also a part of the mosque complex.
About

Jama Masjid is a very important mosque in India and is a huge prayer place for the Muslims, with prayers taking place every Friday. There are huge gatherings of people on festive occasions and Eid prayers. The mosque is also known as 'Friday Mosque' and is one of the largest mosques in India. It has a great place in the hearts of Muslims in India and is the most sought after pilgrimage place.
History

The Jama Masjid was built by Emperor Akbar as part of the Fatehpur Sikri complex. The place was also known as 'Jami Masjid'. It is said that the mosque took almost 6 years to complete and employed around 5,000 workers. The structure is said to have been built under the supervision of the saint Salim Chisti.

Location

The location of Jama Masjid is Fatehpur Sikri, Agra, in the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. It is located right in the centre of Fatehpur Sikri and is close to the western gateway of the Agra fort. One has to enter Buland Darwaza to visit the place. It is very close to the Agra railway station and the Delhi Gate of the Agra Fort.

Architecture

As one enters the place from the grand Buland Darwaza, one witnesses the magnificent Jama Masjid, which is a mosque that is placed on a platform that is elevated. The mosque has five main entrances to the praying area. The walls comprise of delicate and intricate carvings and inscription taken from the Holy Quran. The exterior is built with attractive red sandstone and white marble with detailed finishing. The center courtyard is vast and open, and can accommodate almost 25,000 people at a time.

To the right is the Jammat Khana hall and next to it is Zenana Rauza, which was the tomb of the royal ladies of the court. The main attraction is the tomb of the sacred Sufi saint Sheikh Salim Chisti, who prophesied that Akbar will have a son who will succeed him. The whole architecture is said to be Persian in its make. The interiors are designed artistically and adorned with paintings and floral designs. The attractive three majestic sandstone domes are poised well and add beauty to the structure. The domes comprise vibrant coloured tiles with inscription on it.

Best time to visit

One can visit the place on all days of the week, from 7:00 a.m. in the morning to 6:00 p.m. in the evening. There is no entry fee. It takes around two hours to see the complete structure.

The best time to visit is from October to March. Winter begins in November and can be pleasant during the day time. Nights are quite chilly. Summer begins from March and can get really hot from the months of April to June. 

Jama Masjid In Agra

Jama Masjid at Fatehpur Sikri, near Agra is also known as the Jami Masjid. The mosque is one of the largest in India. The Jama Masjid is exquisitely decorated with inscriptions, inlaid geometric designs and colored tiles. The building is symmetrically proportioned and has an austere beauty, befitting its religious purpose.

HISTORY OF JAMA MASJID(JAMI MASJID)

Jama Masjid AgraIt was constructed in 1571 A.D. during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great. The mosque is built at a height due to its exalted purpose and has a large courtyard where the faithful can gather to pray. To the right of the mosque is the Jammat Khana hall and then the Zenana Rauza, or the tomb of the women of the royal household.

ARCHITECTURE OF JAMA MASJID

Jama Masjid is India's largest mosque and can hold 25,000 worshipers at one time. Wide red sandstone steps lead to entrances on the North, South and East sides of the mosque. The tower is made up of five distinct Jama Masjidstoreys, each marked by a projecting balcony. Beautiful calligraphy adorns its adjacent edifices. The first three storeys of the tower are made of red sandstone, the fourth is made of marble, while the fifth is made of sandstone again. The main entrance is through the 54-meter-high Buland Darwaza, the Gate of Victory, constructed to commemorate Akbar's victory in Gujarat. This impressive gateway is reached by an equally impressive flight of steps. Inside is the massive courtyard dominated by two red and white striped sandstone minarets which cap the main prayer hall on the west side (facing Mecca). On Fridays and other holy days the courtyard is filled with devotees who come in for 'Namaaz'.

ATTRACTIONS NEAR BY JAMA MASID

The lattice screen tomb of Islam Khan, one of the nobles buried here, is also worth seeing. The focus of the Sufi shrine or 'dargah' is the relatively small but exquisite tomb of Sheikh Salim Chisti, much of which was originally crafted in red stone and only later faced in marble. The lattice screens are the most intricate and beautiful in the world, with serpentine brackets supporting the eaves. To the left of the Jami Masjid is the Stone-Cutter's Mosque, the oldest place of worship at Fateh Pur Sikri. The main entrance is through Buland Darwaza, though it is advisable to enter through the eastern entrance known as the Badshahi Darwaza, as emperor Akbar used to enter through this door from his Khwabgah for daily prayers.

Buland DarwjaBuland Darwaza and Badshahi Darwaza

A grand gateway known as the Buland Darwaza leads you to the Jama Masjid. This gateway, which stands 40 meters high, was constructed to commemorate Akbar's victory in the Kandesh military campaign. There is another magnificent gate known as the Badshahi Darwaza, which also has a beauty and grandeur of its own. One of the most important tourist attractions in Agra, a visit to the Jama Masjid would really be a worthwhile experience.
More about Jama Masjid:
Timings: It is open on all days from 7.00 a.m - 600 p.m (Summer/ 8:30 a.m - 5:00 p.m (Winter)
Best time to visit: From October to till March
How to reach: Agra airport (7kms), buses from Agra Fort and Idgah bus stand or local buses, taxis etc.
Location: Hing ki Mandi, Mantola, Agra, Uttar Pradesh
Significance: Largest Mosque in India.

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Jama Masjid: Jama Mosque, Fatehpur Sikri
Jama Mosque, Fatehpur Sikri
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Jama Masjid
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